Needs are the human desire for things or services that can provide physical satisfaction as well as spiritual needs. Human needs are not limited to real needs but also unreal. For example, a sense of wanting to be served, a sense of security, want to be respected, or respected, then human needs are infinite. Some of the factors that cause human needs are not limited to the following:
More advanced science and technology.
Increasingly expanding the college environment.
Increase the level of human culture.
Based on the growing number of people and the unlimited needs and wants of humans, the demand for goods and services is growing rapidly. Manufacturers of goods and services are required to provide the best product review in order to satisfy the needs and wants of their consumers.
The human need is infinite, both in number and in kind. This is due to the following factors:
Because of human nature
Natural and environmental factors
Environmental factors of society
International trade factors
Factor of demonstration effect
TYPES OF HUMAN NEEDS
- HUMAN NEED according to usability intensity:
– Primary needs
It is a necessity whose satisfaction must be fulfilled so that human beings can safeguard life well. Examples: clothing, food, boards
– Secondary need
It is a second or complementary necessity whose satisfaction can be delayed. Examples: entertainment, vacation, motorbike, etc.
– Tertiary requirements
Is a requirement that can only be met by consuming a different that is quite luxurious. Examples: luxurious props, luxury vehicles, and a variety of jewelry.
- HUMAN NEED according to the time of fulfillment:
– Needs now
It is a very important and urgent need and must be fulfilled right now.Example: eat when hungry, medication when sick, etc.
– Needs to come
It is a human need that does not have to be done now and can be postponed until the future. Example: a vacation that can be postponed until the money is sufficient savings
- HUMAN NEEDS by their nature:
– Physical needs
Is a need that needs to be met so that the body can function properly. Example: eat, drink, clothes, house, etc.
– Spiritual needs
It is a need that must be met so that the spiritual or mental can function properly. Examples: education, religion, entertainment, etc.
- HUMAN NEED according to the subject:
– Individual needs
It is a necessity that must be met based on personal taste or choice. Example: Bob needs black shoes, but Ani needs white shoes
– Social needs
Is a necessity related to life together? Example: Family A needs color television, Community in region B requires pedestrian bridge
FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE HUMAN NEEDS
There are several things that cause the human needs of one with another different, including as follows:
one factor that makes the needs of each age different. Human needs in ancient times only focused on the primary needs, for example, the ancestors dressed in bark and leaves, eating enough sweet potatoes. As the development of civilization is growing also the type of needs, humans need other foods that vary and clothing made of good materials.
The environment is one of the factors that affect human needs. The needs of the people who inhabit a coast are different from the people who inhabit the mountains, the coastal population needs jarring, boats, and fishing rods to catch fish in the sea. While the inhabitants of the mountains need more hoes, plant seeds, and fertilizer to grow crops.
Customs also affect the different needs of each individual/group.
Religion is one of the factors that make each individual’s needs different, for example, adherents of Islam need prayer rugs and are prohibited from eating pork, while Hindus require sacrifices in religious ceremonies and are prohibited from eating beef.